Leptospirosis in dogs
Leptospirosis is an infectious disease in animals. Birds, cats, mice, rats, minks, foxes, arctic foxes and even humans can be ill. Dogs are most susceptible to this disease.
Most often, leptospirosis in dogs occurs at a young age when the puppy’s immunity has not been fully formed. Both domestic and wild animals can be carriers of the disease. In the city, your pet can become infected by mice, rats, stray dogs and cats. In diseased animals, leptospirosis pathogens (leptospira) can be found in the lungs, urine, feces, milk, semen, saliva. Standing out from the body of sick animals, leptospira fall into the water, soil, food, bedding, leash or collar. The infection enters the dog’s body by contact with the mucous membrane of the eyes, through the nasal and oral cavities, after drinking milk from an ill mother.
Leptospira, once in the body of an animal, through blood vessels are carried by blood to the liver. There they multiply and spread to all organs. The first symptom of leptospirosis is a temperature increase of 40-41.5С. The animal also has depression, fatigue, lack of appetite, and intense thirst. The mucous membranes acquire a yellowish tint, and blood appears in the urine, which stains it brown. A few days after the onset of the disease, bleeding sores appear on the skin of an infected dog and in the mouth, and conjunctivitis is seen in the corners of the eyes.
As soon as there is a suspicion that your pet is sick with leptospirosis, you should immediately contact a specialist. The treatment of leptospirosis should only deal with a veterinarian. Attempting to cure an animal at home leads to its death. In addition, a sick dog is a danger to its owner and the environment. To keep your pet from this disease, it is necessary to carry out preventive measures in the form of annual vaccination.